Standards & Schemes
Standards impact us in everyday life, in the workplace, at home, or while travelling.
Standards can be classified based on various criteria.
Standards may take the form of a specification, code of practice, guide, or method. For example, new buildings may need to meet construction specifications to ensure safety or environmental compliance. Alternatively, professionals may have a code of practice that helps them conform to their industry’s standards for deliverables or ethical behavior.
Standards apply to different geographic areas. Some are international in nature, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards. Others are national or regional in scope.
Voluntary standards may also be called industry standards. They articulate best practices that improve the quality of products, services, or processes. While they are recommended, adoption is not required. However, compliance with mandatory standards is required to sell products or services. These standards may be imposed by industry regulators or governmental agencies.